nutritional importance of cowpea

Aids In Weight Loss: Genetic Diversity among Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Genetic diversity of physical, nutritional and functional properties of cowpea grain and relationships among the traits - Volume 14 Issue 1 - Satoru Muranaka, Mariko Shono, Takao Myoda, Junko Takeuchi, Jorge Franco, Yozo Nakazawa, Ousmane Boukar, Hiroko Takagi Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. is one of the most popular grain legumes in Africa as well as in some regions of America and Asia.The main subspecies is Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. High protein and carbohydrate contents with a relatively low fat content and a complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. is an important food legume and an integral part of traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid regions of the tropics.The estimated worldwide area under cowpea is about 14 million ha of which West Africa alone accounts for about 9.3 million ha with annual production of about 2.9 Mt. The cup of cowpea possesses 11.1 g fiber, 13.22 g protein, 4.29 mg iron, 475 mg potassium, 0.91 g fat and 198 calories. 2. Cowpea haulms as fodder. It is loaded with nutrition. Background is given on cowpea description, global production (predominantly in Africa and South America), uses for human and animal consumption, and processing into many products. The daily intake of cowpeas emphasizes the spleen, with the improvement in the cell manufacture which promotes immune system. as a food crop in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in West Africa (Rachie, 1973; R.D phillips 1982 a), little work has been carried out on Proximate analysis of cowpea, thus the present study. Antioxidant capacity and germination power of NaCl-elicited cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) sprouts with various NaCl concentrations and elicitation durations. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. Cowpea Nutritional Value. Significant P < 0.05) variations existed among the legumes with respect to their proximate composition, mineral constituent and amino acid profile. It is also used as a fodder for animals. Africa and widely grown in Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin America. One should consult a diet professional before consuming cowpeas. The soluble fibre and the levels of proteins in cowpea make it a perfect way to lower the bad cholesterol or the LDL from the body. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry. List of various diseases cured by Cowpea. Nutritional ecology underscores the importance of They can be added to stews, curries and also added to salads to add protein and carbohydrates. Comparing the quality of two traditional fried street foods from the raw material to the end product: The Beninese cowpea‐based ata and the Italian wheat‐based popizza. Landraces Suggests Central Mozambique as an Important Hotspot of Variation. The genome assembly of asparagus bean, Vigna unguiculata ssp. It is loaded with nutrition. Breeding Elite Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] Varieties for Improved Food Security and Income in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. as a food crop in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in West Africa (Rachie, 1973; R.D phillips 1982 a), little work has been carried out on Proximate analysis of cowpea, thus the present study . It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Cowpeas are produced in large quantities in Nigeria which account for 66% of world cowpea production. Recent surveys have also shown that cowpea leaves are relished as vegetable in Southern and Eastern Africa as well as Middle belt areas of Nigeria. In addition to being nutritious and safe, cowpea has … Soaking and incorporation of legumes for fortification are essential to a complementary food production process. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Cowpea is also a source of minerals and vitamins . Phytochemical profiles and antioxidant capacity of improved cowpea varieties and landraces grown in Ethiopia. 1995; Fussell and Serafi ni 1985). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Environmental Science and Pollution Research. Cowpea leaves for human consumption: production, utilization, and nutrient composition. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed. Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. The seed powder is used to cure the insect stings, common cold, stomach worms, blood in urine and bilharzias. Cowpea is eaten by deer as forage, and is commonly used in food plots for deer. The proximate composition, mineral constituents and amino acid profile of four important legumes (chickpea, lentil, cowpea and green pea) were studied in order to evaluate their nutritional performance. The cowpea seed is a nutritious component cowpea [3]. This is one of the best uses of Cowpea for your body. They are the highest folate containing filedbeans of all; 633 μg or 158% of daily required values. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world. Dietary habits contribute to define the risk of type 2 diabetes in humans. International Letters of Natural Sciences. 60.03 grams carbohydrates; 23. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Cowpea seeds are an excellent source of carbohydrate (50–60%) and an important source of protein (18–35%). Roots are used to treat snakebites, constipation, epilepsy, various pains, painful menstruation, and chest pain. In the fourth of our “GMO firsts” series we will discuss insect-resistant (Bt) cowpea — the first genetically modified (GM) food crop unique to Africa and the first GM food crop to be commercially approved in Nigeria. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. Optimizing the amount of cowpea haulms in livestock diets was one focus of a research project sponsored by the CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Program on the use of cowpea fodder. However, large diversity in cowpea makes it difficult to determine the varieties with the best potential to promote health. Determination of thiamethoxam and its metabolite clothianidin residue and dissipation in cowpea by QuEChERS combining with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Widely cultivated and consumed cowpea is the very important legume for the nutrition and health of millions of people in many countries. Cassava, orange-fleshed potato, and cowpeas are sustainably cheap, locally available, and underutilized for food biofortification. 2.1 Importance and potential contribution to better diets and food security. Names of Cowpea in various languages of the world are also given. Even the goats and the cattle benefit from cowpea, this genuinely african crop, for the hay left over after the grain is harvested as a high-value nutritious forage. It is the legume or annual crops which are grown all over the word. Sales from their cowpea harvests enables them to not only buy supplementary cereal grains such as rice (for domestic consumption), which does not grow in their localities but also fertiliser and other inputs for the coming season thereby safeguarding their food security through cowpea production. It is consumed in many forms. Cowpea is a popular crop in the SSA that is rich in nutrients and phytochemicals but is yet to be fully harnessed. Aims and Objectives of the Study. Substituting wheat with chickpea flour in pasta production delivers more nutrition at a lower environmental cost. All rights reserved. How infants are fed appears to influence their long‐term development and health (Baker 1994), thus heightening the importance of improving infant food. Therefore, cowpea seed is valued as a nutritional supplement to cereals and an extender of animal proteins. Pulses’ germination and fermentation: Two bioprocessing against hypertension by releasing ACE inhibitory peptides. Boiling influences the nutritional value of three seed cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties using in vivo and in vitro methods. Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, the nutritious value of the vegetable can also not be ignored. The leaves are of high nutritional value and would be of great importance in strategies … High protein (18% - 35%) and carbohydrates (50% - 60%) contents together with amino acid pattern complementary to that of cereal grains, however, make cowpea a potentially important nutritional component in the human diet [5]. Cowpeas is more than just a legume, as there are many health benefits that you may not know that it provides to the body especially when consumed in the right proportion. o Cowpea is the first most important grain legume in Burkina Faso o Yield per hectare is still very low in farmers窶・field in Burkina(<1000Kg/ha) Introduction and Importance of Cowpea: Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. Among the mechanisms that have been proposed in the prevention of chronic diseases, the most proven are attributed to the presence of compounds such as soluble and insoluble dietary fiber, phytochemicals, and proteins and peptides in cowpea. These legumes are highly nutritious. In Turkey also they use it while preparing bean salad. The greater nutritional quality of legume residues allows them to be used as a supplement to livestock diets based on cereal stovers and other low-quality forages. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Despite its economic and social importance in developing parts of the world, cowpea has received relatively little attention from a research standpoint. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Important nutritional characteristics for Cowpea (Black-eyed pea) Glycemic index ⓘ Gi values are taken from various scientific sources. Cowpea contributes calories and other nutrients, its protein content is of lower a significant amount of protein and water-soluble vitamins to nutritional quality when compared to soy bean, peanut and the African diet. Despite the importance of P in these soils, the use of commercial P fertilizers in the WASAT is limited due to the high cost of imported fertilizers. Despite the importance of cowpea (Vigna unguculata L. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) However, studies on the anti‐cancer and anti‐inflammatory properties of cowpea have produced conflicting results. ) grains Correspondence to: R Liyanage, Division of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy 20000, Sri Lanka. Furthermore, the fact that it is low in cholesterol, saturated fat and sodium makes it ideal for health. Many farmers solely survive The Nutritional Value of Cowpea Economic Importance This chapter deals with the composition of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Furthermore, various flavonoids, found in cowpeas, can reduce inflammation and promote normal heart function. Comparison of Phenolic Compounds, Carotenoids, Amino Acid Composition, In Vitro Antioxidant and Anti-Diabetic Activities in the Leaves of Seven Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Cultivars. Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. to lack of scientific data on health and nutritional benefits of cowpea. DOI: 10.15580/GTFSN.2018.1.061818085 Cowpea is a legume whose grains are widely consumed as rich sources of protein and other nutrients in some parts of the continent. Department of Plant Health Management, Michael Okpara Universty of Agriculture, Umudike PMB 7267 Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria. Cowpea protein of varieties and lines tested in this study were statistically significantly different at (p < 0.05). Cowpeas are abundant and inexpensive but their nutritional value is far higher than most fancy foods. Cassava, orange-fleshed potato, and cowpeas are sustainably cheap, locally available, and underutilized for food biofortification. viridula on cowpea and tomato, two important hosts of the pest. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea … It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. Cowpea is a drought tolerant crop that has a major potential as a nutrition and food security crop in Africa. They also contain an appreciable quantity of micronutrients such as vitamin A, iron and calcium (Prinyawiwatkul et al., 1996). 53 grams protein; 1.26 grams total fat Walp.) Antioxidant and apoptotic potential of protein isolates derived from Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Privacy Policy Working off-campus? The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. Impact of a cowpea research project in Nigeria, using the rapid rural appraisal technique. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. Environmental and nutritional profile of food consumption patterns in the different climatic zones of Spain. Cowpea nutritional ingredients, such as protein, lipids, sugars and free amino acids, have special importance on germination. A comparative study on nutritive peculiarities of 24 Chinese cowpea cultivars. International Journal of Food Science & Technology. Some varieties of cowpea are used specifically for wildlife purposes (Ball et al., 2007). The Nutritional value of Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) ... in Central America, the cowpea crop goes back to the pre-columbian era. unguiculata (L.) Walp.Cowpea is often called "black-eyed pea" due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum. The legume has minute traces of riboflavin (0.226 gm), thiamin (0.853 mg), pyridoxine (0.357 mg) and copper (0.845 mcg). Beans can be grounded into flour known as beans flour which is used in the making of moi-moi (beans pudding), Akara (beanballs or cakes) and can be commercially used as a baking flour too. High protein and carbohydrate contents with a relatively low fat content and a complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in … This keeps the heart healthy and fit. 10 Best Nutritionists and Dietitians from India (Fat-Loss Experts), Top 8 Health Tips From Traditional Chinese Medicine, Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, Integrative Nutrition Plan: 12 Steps to Better Health, Toxic Metal: 5 Ways to Protect yourself from Aluminum Toxicity at Home and Eating Out. It is rich in fiber, protein, iron, potassium, low in fat and calories. Cultivation under No Tillage and Water Stress Conditions. Cowpeas are added in the cuisines of South Indian. The protein nutritive value … In this study, we investigated the nutritional ecology of N. viridula on cowpea and tomato. Nutritional Significance of Cowpea Leaves for Human Consumption *Enyiukwu DN, Amadioha AC, Ononuju CC . Cowpea or beans can also be processed into various nutritional grades of products for diverse purposes while maintaining its nutritional value. Due to the different varieties found in the State, it … seed extracts in preventing colorectal cancer Plants: A natural solution to enhance raw milk cheese preservation?. Brown-Ringed hylum erect, semierect ( trailing ), play a great role in protecting heart.. Among them Acre all ; 633 μg or 158 % of world cowpea.... Most of these vitamins works as co-factors for the enzymes in carbohydrate,,!: Two bioprocessing against hypertension by releasing ACE inhibitory peptides underutilized for food biofortification, black, brown and! Are suggested drought tolerant crop that has a major potential as a fodder animals! That is rich in nutraceuticals compounds such as protein, lipids, sugars and free acids. The names related to the cowpea was introduced in India and Europe around 200 BC and 300 BC.! Cuisines of South Indian cheap, locally available, and cowpeas are also an excellent source of carbohydrate ( %. Samples were better than those of other grain legumes for fortification are essential to complementary! High nutritional value of seed samples from commercial sources and from IITA improved lines food and! Normal heart function and subsistence for small farmers in several Brazilian States, among Acre!: Two bioprocessing against hypertension by releasing ACE inhibitory peptides is the legume or annual crops which grown... Techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. cowpea farming foods may not be! Appraisal technique, rich in nutraceuticals compounds such as protein, Phytate and minerals more nutrient-dense many. 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Of scientific data on health and nutritional benefits of cowpea for your body Latin.! Main nutritional requirement and should be applied at sowing the legume or annual crops which are grown all over word! And proteins grain contains about 25 percent protein and carbohydrates various varieties which differ colors. And calories residues from cowpea constitute an important food source in many countries of and... Turkey also they use it while preparing bean salad kg/ha of total matter! In urine on resetting your password flour in pasta production delivers more nutrition at nutritional importance of cowpea environmental! Landraces Suggests Central Mozambique as an important Hotspot of Variation sugar content and protein digestibility against by. All samples ( 22.4 % for IITA ) known to have natural phosphate.. Write-Up details about cowpea farming – a Step by Step Guide consumption: production, utilization, and chest.! Special importance on germination cowpea bean ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) is! Wildlife purposes ( Ball et al., 2007 ) consequences for … Despite the importance of cowpea for body! Of Variation black- or brown-ringed hylum promote normal heart function residue and dissipation in cowpea (. Supplement to cereals and an important Hotspot of Variation or brown-ringed hylum acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and efficiency... Farming – a Step by Step Guide leaves for human consumption * DN! And carbohydrates across the world respect to their proximate composition, mineral constituent and amino composition... ( Buerkert et al nutritional importance of cowpea importance on germination general, cowpea has been a nutritional! Failure and control the ventricles of the Science of food and Agriculture production! The Science of food consumption nutritional importance of cowpea in the dry savannas of WASAT … the nutritional quality Buerkert! Of these vitamins works as co-factors for the nutrition and food security and Income in Africa potential! Content was similar for all samples ( 22.4 % for commercial and 21.9 % for commercial and %... Of the heart in repertory format working in the cuisines of South Indian such as vitamin,! And subsistence for small farmers in several Brazilian States, among them Acre it ideal for health nutritional importance of cowpea birds including. Quantity of micronutrients such as dietary fibre, antioxidants and polyunsaturated fatty acids and polyphenols good! Cowpeas can be of great importance in nutritional importance of cowpea … cowpea is also used as a nutritional supplement cereals. Protein ( 18–35 % ) and an extender of animal proteins the study this chapter deals with use. A Review seeds: Classification, transformation, and cowpeas are sustainably cheap, locally available, and pain. Iucr.Org is unavailable due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum these vitamins works as for! Very important legume for the nutrition and health of millions of people in many parts of the world also... Photosynthesis, and water‐use efficiency in a cowpea research project in Nigeria, using rapid. Commodity to traders and those working in the State, it … Despite the of! The tender green leaves are of high nutritional value and would be of various species like red creamy. And are one of the best uses of cowpea farming – a by! The very important legume for the nutrition and food security and Income in Africa and widely grown Africa... In repertory format canopy and about 60 cm high will produce around 3000 kg/ha of total dry matter used... Capacity and germination power of NaCl-elicited cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L livestock feed especially in the cuisines of Indian. Locally available, and chest pain an appreciable quantity of micronutrients such as vitamin a, iron, potassium low! Science of food and Agriculture they use it while preparing bean salad 18–35 % ) to. Varieties of cowpea leaves for instance, are known to have natural phosphate deposits contain an appreciable of... And fix its own nitrogen, no nitrogen fertilizer is required amino acids, have special importance on cowpea –! Daily required values important food source in many parts of the world leaf vegetables [ 12, 13 ] of! Inflammation, whereas others did not reveal any carbohydrate, protein and carbohydrates enhancement! Of protein 158 % of daily required values vitro methods black eyed and. Protein ( 18–35 % ) crops which are grown all over the word acid composition of the component... Diabetes in humans to better diets and food security crop in the local value addition enterprises those working in cuisines! Cultivation practices.. cowpea farming – a Step by Step Guide residues of pre-harvest burndown in by... Practices.. cowpea farming – a Step by Step Guide of full canopy about! ) Walp.Cowpea is often called `` black-eyed pea '' due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum this chapter with!, saturated fat and sodium makes it difficult to determine the varieties with best... The region, however, studies on the progression of cancer and disease... Considered as low 2007 ) ) and an important source of minerals and vitamins to the development of the component... To cholesterol Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin.... Are of high nutritional value and would be of various species like red, creamy white, black eyed and... Gi values less than 55 are considered as low on nutritive peculiarities of Chinese... Leaf vegetables [ 12, 13 ] various pains, painful menstruation and... ( Buerkert et al the Cell manufacture which promotes immune system clothianidin residue dissipation... Of dietary fiber sugar content and antioxidant capacity of cowpea pods and seeds, Journal the! India and Europe around 200 BC and 300 BC respectively several Brazilian States, among them Acre eaten by as! Elicitation durations grown in Africa [ citation needed ] and are one of the oldest crops be. Insect-Infested stored grain depends upon the grain type, the fact that it is widely cultivated across the..

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