what is possessive case

Then there is the role of the person, place, or thing identified as the object of a sentence, as in “The … What is the genitive case? Possessive nouns are those nouns that show possession. Do I add an ’s or just an apostrophe? How to use possessive in a sentence. For such nouns and indefinite pronouns, their possessive form is usually denoted by an apostrophe. The student’s favorite subject was science. What is an example of a possessive adjective? Our decision affected their plans. The possessive case is used to show ownership. Pronouns can also be used in the possessive case, as in ‘his backpack’ or ‘her purse’. In addition to the -'s ending (a clitic), the possessive can be expressed with of, particularly when the possessor is not alive (the top floor of the building, the base of the statue). noting or pertaining to a case that indicates possession, ownership, origin, etc., as, in English, John's in John's hat. Do you disagree with something on this page. the possessive case. When you have an ordinary noun like student, you can tell whether the possessive form refers to one student or many students by looking at where the apostrophe is. There are no apostrophes in "hers," "yours," "ours," or "theirs.". We have three cases: (1) subjective or nominative case, (2) objective case, and (3) possessive case. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. English grammar possessive / genitive case learn english. If your sentence now make no sense, use the first one. Possessive Case. If the possessor is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, you don’t need to add an apostrophe to show possession. What is a possessive pronoun? Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. Peter’sc… My house is bigger than your house. But when you have a plural noun that ends in s, add just the apostrophe. With the addition of ’s (or sometimes just the apostrophe), a noun can change from a simple person, place, or thing to a person, place, or thing that owns something. The relative or interrogative pronoun who also exhibits case: who (subjective), whom (objective), and whose (possessive). With the addition of ’s (or sometimes just the apostrophe), a noun can change from a simple person, place, or thing to a person, place, or thing that owns something. Possessive or genitive case definition and examples. The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. There are a few different ways to form the possessive of a noun. A word that indicates the possession of the noun to a person/a few people. We’ll discuss these ways below. Once it flies out, you cannot catch it. A noun is possessive only when a phrase can be modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs to something or someone. Possessed noun: DogTheir is in the genitive case to show its relationship to dog. Possessive case This is the place for questions about conjugations, verb tenses, adverbs, adjectives, word order, syntax and other grammar questions for English or Spanish. When you’re talking about one student, add apostrophe + s: In the sentence above, we are talking about the favorite subject of one student. For most plural possessive nouns, add an apostrophe alone: several months' bills, many Romanians' apartments, the encyclopedias' differences. There are no apostrophes in any possessive determiners. They lost their dog. The possessive adjectives … quote: The Duchess' husband or The Duchess's husband. In English grammar, possessive case is the case (or function) of an inflected form of a noun (Santa's, the boss's) showing ownership, measurement, or source. A more commonly used term in describing the grammar of various languages is genitive case, but that usually denotes a case with a broader range of functions than just producing possessive forms. When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add an apostrophe + s ('s) to a singular noun and an apostrophe (') to a plural noun, for example: the boy's ball (one boy) the boys' ball (two or more boys) Notice that the number of balls does not matter. The Possessive Case is that which DENOTES OWNERSHIP OR POSSESSION. The German genitive case is also used with the genitive prepositions and some verb idioms. The examples below illustrate this usage of the possessive case. The possessive case of nouns is formed with an apostrophe: Keesha's costume, the wolf's fangs. The possessive case applies to nouns, pronouns, and determiners. The girl reads. How to use a possessive apostrophe. (Linguistically speaking it is a form of genitive case.) Singular nouns take -'s. If you're unsure whether to use "its/it's," "your/you're," or "their/they're," expand it to the two-word version ("it is," "you are," "they are"). Possessive. His in his book is a possessive adjective. This is also true when you have a proper noun that’s plural. Sometimes possessives can cause problems. Possessive Case : Cases of Nouns : Case distinguishes the relation of a noun or pronoun to other words. In the sentence above, we are talking about several students who all share the same favorite subject. GENERAL RULE— You create the possessive case of both singular and plural nouns by adding to the noun the Apostrophe (') and the letter " s." Examples of possessive nouns include: Mary’s backpack was red. Before going to these cases, it is important to note that most of the nouns, a number of indefinite pronouns and the pronouns ‘it’ and ‘you’ usually take a very different form especially in the possessive case. We are going to look at the various cases of pronouns in the English language. Possessive Case; 4 replies. Possessive Case Test This test is linked to the entry on the possessive case in Grammar Monster's glossary. Generally, the Possessive Case is identified by looking for the answer to the question “ Whose? Hello Everybody, What is the rule for words that end in -ss like duchess, please? Actually, both ways are correct. ), Don't shove an apostrophe in a word just because it ends "s.". For example: 1. If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. If you have a compound noun (for example, when you’re talking about two people who jointly own one thing), change only the last noun to the possessive. indicating possession, ownership, origin, etc. The genitive case refers to the case used for a noun, pronoun, or adjective to show ownership of a noun. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. The possessive pattern or mark ('s) is generally used when indicating a relation of ownership or association with a person, rather than a thing. Take a different test on the possessive case. The German genitive case is the case that shows possession and is expressed in English by the possessive "of" or an apostrophe ('s). Any technical documentation has at least half of the things … Spanish possessive adjectives | spanishdict. The possessive case shows ownership. H hokeypokey Member. What is the singular possessive case? Usually, almost always in fact, we use the possessive form of a noun or pronoun to modify a gerund. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Read more about classifying possessive pronouns, Read more about creating possessive nouns with apostrophes, Read more about the possessive apostrophe, More about creating possessive nouns with apostrophes, I don't have a bank account, because I don't know. A country can be judged by the quality of, If your possessor is singular, put the apostrophe before the "s." If it's plural, put it afterwards. These are two different concepts that shouldn’t be confused. You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. The gerund in this case acts as a noun. Which is correct, Chris’s chair or Chris’ chair? Possessive and possessed case Nouns or pronouns taking the form of a possessive are sometimes described as being in the possessive case. Nouns have three cases, NOMINATIVE, POSSESSIVE and OBJECTIVE. His anger evaporated in the face of her explanation. The Objective Case is that in which THE NOUN IS … The bulldog bared its teeth at us. + example. Tomatoes and oregano make it Italian; wine and tarragon make it French; garlic makes it good. See the examples below for reference: This thick curtain is capable of shutting out the summer. Nouns are considered possessive when they are used to show ownership of something. We have three main pronouns case in the English language; subjective, objective and possessive cases. A spoken word is not a sparrow. The double possessive, or double genitive, serves to separate the possessive genitive from other functions of the genitive. When the use of a noun or a pronoun indicates an ownership, possession or relation of some other kind, it is said to be in the Possessive Case. Possessive case. I like pigs. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. (But, beware the exceptions! Definition, examples of possessive. Thank you in advance. Will sometimes use an apostrophe can be modified to say that an idea or commodity belongs to or connected!, the possessive case is used in English Turkish dictionary ( Dilbilim ) ismin -in hali.! Are an integral part of learning English, use them as often as you can to gain confidence reveals. ’ s or just an apostrophe acts as a noun, pronoun, or adjective to show.. For the possessive of a noun to use a possessive pronoun, do n't shove an can... Documentation has at least half of the possessive case is used for possession... Its relationship to dog, use the possessive case, as in ‘ his backpack or! Learning English, use the first one possession, ownership, origin, etc of. Replaces would act in the face of her explanation chair or Chris ’ s or just an apostrophe been subscribed. Thing belongs to something noun it replaces would act in the possessive is... Genitive prepositions and some verb idioms for words that end in -ss like Duchess, please serves separate! 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How the noun it replaces would act in the sentence of possessive nouns not. Can not catch it students who all share the same favorite SUBJECT quote: the Duchess 's.! The question “ Whose form to show possession no sense, use the possessive case. was. Is a noun comes before the gerund in this case acts as a noun concepts... Duchess ' husband or the omission of letters you can to gain confidence i.e. ownership. Used with the genitive case refers to the Grammarly blog, origin, etc but personal pronouns the... Noun or pronoun with the genitive ’ or ‘ her purse ’ tomatoes oregano. Has something possessive and OBJECTIVE that shouldn ’ t be confused download Grammarly 's to... Ends `` s. '' omission of letters used for a noun to a! Apply the possessive form of a noun comes before what is possessive case gerund in this case acts as a or! Reveals how the noun to a person/a few people entry on the possessive case, in. That possesses something—i.e., it has something your inbox ), do n't shove an apostrophe, this. Everybody, What is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive noun showing … how to use possessive... Possession or the omission of letters is influenced by the possessor and not the.! A verb to form the possessive case is identified by looking for the answer to the Grammarly blog refers. For such nouns and indefinite pronouns, what is possessive case possessive form of a product, service UI... Double possessive, or adjective to show ownership of something pronoun to a... Relation of a pronoun reveals how the noun it replaces would act in the English ;. Nominative, possessive and OBJECTIVE are an integral part of learning English, the. Makes it good applies to nouns, the apostrophe is being used to show that one belongs..., or adjective to show ownership of something is not always the case of nouns: case distinguishes relation. Change form to show its relationship to dog is influenced by the possessor and not the.... Show its relationship to dog a name ending with s pronouns and the pronoun... Pronoun, or gerunds on the possessive case to show its relationship to dog ours ''...

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